Lenticle: The ‘porthole’ in the trunk of a long case clock through which the pendulum bob can be seen.
Library Chair: Chairs made specifically for reading in the library date from the early eighteenth century. The top rail curves round to become an arm-rest from which a canted board angles up and back to afford a rest for book or writing paper, a reader sits back to front in this chair.
Library Steps: Dated from about the middle of the eighteenth century.
Library Table: A writing-table, especially of twin pedestal type, specifically made for the library, mid-eighteenth century. A distinct type of circular or square supported by a single pedestal w/winged legs, and space in the frieze for books.
Lignum Vitae: A West Indian very hard wood, dark brown with strong veining and streaked with black. Used as parquetry and in veneering.
Limoges Porcelain: The first porcelain factory at Limoges, France was founded in 1771, purchased by the King in 1784. Fir a tune served as a branch of Serves. A number of porcelain factories were founded at and near Limoges during the nineteenth century owing to the kaolin deposits in the area.
Linen-Press: A device for pressing linen. Structure comprises a frame and base board, with a matching top board which was attached to a wooden, spiral screw.
Ling Lung: Chinese porcelain bowl or dish with pierced sides.
Just in, Caution flashing lights.
Back on schedule with “L”
Laburnum: Hard wood of yellowish tint streaked with brown, used for parquetry veneer from the end of the seventeenth century.
Lacquer: Art of lacquering (which was known in China as early as the middle of the first millennium B.C.) originated in discovering sap on lac-tree has protective properties can be used to coat almost any material and forms a hard semi-transparent film.
Lambeth: A loosely used term for tin-enameled earthenware. It was made in Lambeth, Southwark England and other London riverside pot works, in Seventeenth and Eighteenth centuries.
Lancashire Chair: An oak type chair with solid back panel surmounted by lunette-shaped cresting.
Lantern Clock: Earliest type of domestic clock in general use in England.
Latten: A base yellow alloy of zinc and copper; like brass.
Lattice work: Furniture (chairs particularly) of the mid-eighteenth century in Chinese taste made use of lattice work decoration.
Leeds: The most important of Yorkshire potteries, the factory founded about 1760 by Green Brothers, to be known from the mid-1770’s as Humble, Green & Co., later by Hartley, Greens & Co., trading under several names and ownerships from 1820 till its close in 1878
We also have Poncho’s and Capes. Watch for pictures in the next coming weeks.
Herculaneum: (1) Furniture. According to Sheraton, an upholstered chair in the extreme classical taste. (2) Pottery, earthenware, stoneware, and even some unpretentious porcelain, produced at the Herculaneum Pottery, Liverpool, with the name Hereke in Turkish Arabic on outer stripe.
Herringbone: A band of veneer formed of two strips, of which the grain, running diagonally, produces a herring bone or ‘feathered’ effect.
Highboy: Term of comparatively recent origin applied to a chest of drawers resting on a stand or frame.
Hollow Ware: Large pots, tankards, flagons, measurers.
Hood: The upper part of a clock case, especially the removable top section of a long-case clock.
Hoof-Foot: one of the oldest decorative terminals for furniture legs. In England its use date from the end of the seventeenth century.
Hoop-Back: Chair back in which the uprights merge into the top rail to form a hoop. The Windsor chair is often a hoop-back.
Hutch: A term that has been used to indicate quite different articles, a bin or kneading-trough, a dole cupboard, a chest, sometimes on legs and sometimes without them or with a canted lid.
Hall Chair: Formal, upright-backed and square-seated of mahogany usually, un –upholstery for the caller to sit in while waiting.
Hall-Mark: The particular mark of the Assay Office at which a piece of plate is assayed. Marker’ marks and date letters are not, strictly, hall-marks. Hall-marks were introduced in England in 1300 when the Wardens of the London Goldsmith’s were ordered to assay and mark with a leopard’s head. All plates before it left the Goldsmith’s. The purpose was to indicate quality and prevent fraud.
Hanap: A standing cup. (not to be confused with a sitting one)
Hand and cup Vase: Small vase of Parian ware, the form being that of a human hand holding aloft a narrow cup. Hmmmm.
Hand Cooler: Usually egg-shaped (also called “eggs”), of hard stone or glass, used for darning. Do you remember what “darning”means?
Harpsichord: First made in England in the fifteenth century but very few examples survive earlier than the eighteenth century. This stringed musical instrument is enclosed in a case like the later.
Heart Case: Ususally of lead or pewter; for the embalming and preserving of a heart bound for a distant burial. WOW who would have thought?
Welcome to the “G’s”
Gothic: The style of architecture, of which the pointed arch is preponderantly typical, that prevailed from the twelfth to the sixteenth century in Europe and which influence is to be seen in the furniture and metal ware of that time. There was a Gothic revival in England in the second quarter of the eighteenth century. (Not what I think of as Gothic. How did we come up with that name to call people who dress in black clothing?)
Gout Stool: Foot stool, usually of the X-frame type, for the afflicted, for whom such stools were specifically made in the Georgian period.
Graining: This process of painting a cheap wood to reproduce the grain, color, texture and figure of a more esteemed and costly wood goes back ( in England) as least to Elizabethan times when oak and walnut were thus counterfeited.
Grandfather Clock: Nineteenth-century name for a long case clock.
Grandmother Clock: A small long-case clock.
Grand Sonnerie Striking: A sequence of clock striking that strikes the quarters and the hour at every quarter.
Guilloche: Ornament consisting of two or more intersecting curved bands twisting over each other and repeating the same figure in a continued series.