Lion’s Mask: Decoration used by furniture maker’s (particularly on the knees of cabriole legs) from about 1720-1740) and again during the Regency. This motif was also used by metalworkers
Lithography: The printing process, based on the antipathy of grease and water, invented in the late eighteenth century by Senefelder, first used as a form of transfer-printing on ceramics in England about 1840.
Lithophane: A plaque of porcelain or bone china, very thin, bearing a design or picture engraved, and meant to be viewed against a light: nineteenth century.
Livery Cupboard: A cupboard which during the sixteenth century served to contain “liveries’” (consisting of food, drink and candles) given out at night time to members of a household and guests.
Lobby Chest: Diminutive chest of drawers.
Locks: The lock was probably an Egyptian invention that goes back more than 4,000 years. “Warded” locks (i.e. lock with a fixed obstruction to prevent the wrong key from entering) are very old. Next come the ‘tumbler’ lock, which differs from the ward in that the obstruction moves when the right key is entered.
Long-case Clock: The correct name for a grandfather clock: first made c. 1660.
Lenticle: The ‘porthole’ in the trunk of a long case clock through which the pendulum bob can be seen.
Library Chair: Chairs made specifically for reading in the library date from the early eighteenth century. The top rail curves round to become an arm-rest from which a canted board angles up and back to afford a rest for book or writing paper, a reader sits back to front in this chair.
Library Steps: Dated from about the middle of the eighteenth century.
Library Table: A writing-table, especially of twin pedestal type, specifically made for the library, mid-eighteenth century. A distinct type of circular or square supported by a single pedestal w/winged legs, and space in the frieze for books.
Lignum Vitae: A West Indian very hard wood, dark brown with strong veining and streaked with black. Used as parquetry and in veneering.
Limoges Porcelain: The first porcelain factory at Limoges, France was founded in 1771, purchased by the King in 1784. Fir a tune served as a branch of Serves. A number of porcelain factories were founded at and near Limoges during the nineteenth century owing to the kaolin deposits in the area.
Linen-Press: A device for pressing linen. Structure comprises a frame and base board, with a matching top board which was attached to a wooden, spiral screw.
Ling Lung: Chinese porcelain bowl or dish with pierced sides.
Just in, Caution flashing lights.
Back on schedule with “L”
Laburnum: Hard wood of yellowish tint streaked with brown, used for parquetry veneer from the end of the seventeenth century.
Lacquer: Art of lacquering (which was known in China as early as the middle of the first millennium B.C.) originated in discovering sap on lac-tree has protective properties can be used to coat almost any material and forms a hard semi-transparent film.
Lambeth: A loosely used term for tin-enameled earthenware. It was made in Lambeth, Southwark England and other London riverside pot works, in Seventeenth and Eighteenth centuries.
Lancashire Chair: An oak type chair with solid back panel surmounted by lunette-shaped cresting.
Lantern Clock: Earliest type of domestic clock in general use in England.
Latten: A base yellow alloy of zinc and copper; like brass.
Lattice work: Furniture (chairs particularly) of the mid-eighteenth century in Chinese taste made use of lattice work decoration.
Leeds: The most important of Yorkshire potteries, the factory founded about 1760 by Green Brothers, to be known from the mid-1770’s as Humble, Green & Co., later by Hartley, Greens & Co., trading under several names and ownerships from 1820 till its close in 1878
We also have Poncho’s and Capes. Watch for pictures in the next coming weeks.
Herculaneum: (1) Furniture. According to Sheraton, an upholstered chair in the extreme classical taste. (2) Pottery, earthenware, stoneware, and even some unpretentious porcelain, produced at the Herculaneum Pottery, Liverpool, with the name Hereke in Turkish Arabic on outer stripe.
Herringbone: A band of veneer formed of two strips, of which the grain, running diagonally, produces a herring bone or ‘feathered’ effect.
Highboy: Term of comparatively recent origin applied to a chest of drawers resting on a stand or frame.
Hollow Ware: Large pots, tankards, flagons, measurers.
Hood: The upper part of a clock case, especially the removable top section of a long-case clock.
Hoof-Foot: one of the oldest decorative terminals for furniture legs. In England its use date from the end of the seventeenth century.
Hoop-Back: Chair back in which the uprights merge into the top rail to form a hoop. The Windsor chair is often a hoop-back.
Hutch: A term that has been used to indicate quite different articles, a bin or kneading-trough, a dole cupboard, a chest, sometimes on legs and sometimes without them or with a canted lid.