Herculaneum: (1) Furniture. According to Sheraton, an upholstered chair in the extreme classical taste. (2) Pottery, earthenware, stoneware, and even some unpretentious porcelain, produced at the Herculaneum Pottery, Liverpool, with the name Hereke in Turkish Arabic on outer stripe.
Herringbone: A band of veneer formed of two strips, of which the grain, running diagonally, produces a herring bone or ‘feathered’ effect.
Highboy: Term of comparatively recent origin applied to a chest of drawers resting on a stand or frame.
Hollow Ware: Large pots, tankards, flagons, measurers.
Hood: The upper part of a clock case, especially the removable top section of a long-case clock.
Hoof-Foot: one of the oldest decorative terminals for furniture legs. In England its use date from the end of the seventeenth century.
Hoop-Back: Chair back in which the uprights merge into the top rail to form a hoop. The Windsor chair is often a hoop-back.
Hutch: A term that has been used to indicate quite different articles, a bin or kneading-trough, a dole cupboard, a chest, sometimes on legs and sometimes without them or with a canted lid.
Hall Chair: Formal, upright-backed and square-seated of mahogany usually, un –upholstery for the caller to sit in while waiting.
Hall-Mark: The particular mark of the Assay Office at which a piece of plate is assayed. Marker’ marks and date letters are not, strictly, hall-marks. Hall-marks were introduced in England in 1300 when the Wardens of the London Goldsmith’s were ordered to assay and mark with a leopard’s head. All plates before it left the Goldsmith’s. The purpose was to indicate quality and prevent fraud.
Hanap: A standing cup. (not to be confused with a sitting one)
Hand and cup Vase: Small vase of Parian ware, the form being that of a human hand holding aloft a narrow cup. Hmmmm.
Hand Cooler: Usually egg-shaped (also called “eggs”), of hard stone or glass, used for darning. Do you remember what “darning”means?
Harpsichord: First made in England in the fifteenth century but very few examples survive earlier than the eighteenth century. This stringed musical instrument is enclosed in a case like the later.
Heart Case: Ususally of lead or pewter; for the embalming and preserving of a heart bound for a distant burial. WOW who would have thought?
Welcome to the “G’s”
Gothic: The style of architecture, of which the pointed arch is preponderantly typical, that prevailed from the twelfth to the sixteenth century in Europe and which influence is to be seen in the furniture and metal ware of that time. There was a Gothic revival in England in the second quarter of the eighteenth century. (Not what I think of as Gothic. How did we come up with that name to call people who dress in black clothing?)
Gout Stool: Foot stool, usually of the X-frame type, for the afflicted, for whom such stools were specifically made in the Georgian period.
Graining: This process of painting a cheap wood to reproduce the grain, color, texture and figure of a more esteemed and costly wood goes back ( in England) as least to Elizabethan times when oak and walnut were thus counterfeited.
Grandfather Clock: Nineteenth-century name for a long case clock.
Grandmother Clock: A small long-case clock.
Grand Sonnerie Striking: A sequence of clock striking that strikes the quarters and the hour at every quarter.
Guilloche: Ornament consisting of two or more intersecting curved bands twisting over each other and repeating the same figure in a continued series.
IT IS THAT TIME OF YEAR
JOIN US FRIDAY SEPTEMBER 1-MONDAY SEPTEMBER 4, 2017 (CLOSED SUNDAY)
FOR OUR SUMMER CLEAR OUT
Aunt Elsie’s has new gift suggestions for those in your life that you are looking for a unique gift for.
“G” words continued.
Gimmel: Twin glass flask (the two bottles blown individually and fused together) with two spouts which usually face opposite directions.
Giobu: Japanese lacquering technique which gives a mottled effect.
Girandole: (1) French term for wall-light or elaborate candlestick.
Glaze: A glass like substance, usually containing lead, applies as a thin skin to the surface of most pottery and porcelain.
Godet: Obsolete term for a drinking cup or jug. Dang, I feel we should bring this word back.
Going-cart: A ‘baby cage’ on wheels for teaching a child to walk; made from the Middle Ages and quite common in England by the seventeenth century where they were popular till the end of the eighteenth century. What do we call these now?
Gombron Ware: European term for pottery and porcelain from Persia and China in which the walls of bowls and the like were pierced and filled in with a translucent glaze.
WOOT WOOT, I found the G and H words. I apologize for the detour. We will resume to L’s once we have finished the G and H words.
Gadrooning: Convex curves in a series used as a ornament carved on the edge of furniture.
Gallipot: Small jar, usually with handle, used by apothecaries.
Garnish: Strictly, a complete set of pewter comprising a dozen platters, a dozen bowls and a dozen small plates; but the term is also used to indicate a set of plates and dishes generally. (Here I thought it was the sprig of parsley on my plate.)
Gate-leg: Term applied to an oval (sometimes round) table with drop leaves and extra legs on hinges at either side which swing out to support the raised leaves, usually in oak.
Gather: The blob of molten glass that the glass blower’s gathers on the end of his blowpipe. (Once again I thought this is what you did with fabric and family. Who knew?)
Gesso: A preparation of chalk worked into a paste with parchment size, used as priming before coloring or gilding furniture. In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries the gesso coat on mirrors and side tables received low relief carving before gilding.
Gilding: The extreme malleability of gold permits a thin skin of it to be fixed to a plaster ground.